Letter and sketch key to the Duckworth mission:

In The Gallipoli Oak we mention that the parents of Second Lieutenant Eric Duckworth, on receiving the news that their eldest child had been killed during the Battle of the Vinyard, began immediately writing letters to his fellow officers and comrades in a bid to get as much information as they could about the last minutes of their son’s life. We included in the book some of the contents of a letter that was sent to them by Private Norman A Howarth, who was in Eric’s platoon and close to the teenager when he fell. Here we provide the communication he had with the Duckworths in full – including a sketched map he draw for them in case they should ever decide to visit the Peninsula. It is this sketch, we believe, that they had pinned many of their hopes upon in their mission to plant the tree sapling in 1922. When we last went to Gallipoli we used this sketch ourselves and found it is still a great help in pinpointing the spot where Eric was last seen slumped amid the Turkish wire…

 

Private Norman A Howarth

Rodden Court

Red Cross Hospital

Latchford

Warrington

October 5, 1915

Dear Mr and Mrs Duckworth,

I am sorry that I have been so long in answering your letter but many things have interfered with the answering of your letter. I was brought to Rodden Court on October 1st, because room had to be made at the infirmary for the wounded from France and my wounds are healing.

I rode in a carriage for half and hour yesterday and I felt much improved. I am toddling about at last and I like this place very much. I hope you will excuse many things because this was written in bed, but if there is anything else you would like to know I shall only be too glad to answer you and help you anyway I can.

Hoping that my answers meet with your satisfaction,

I remain yours sincerely,

Norman A Howarth.

Dear Sir, I think I can answer your questions better if I tell my story from the beginning to the end.

It is rather difficult to describe the exact position where your son fell on August 7th because I had no map, but we went up to number eight communication trench and on reaching our firing line we turned to the left for about 200 yards. Your son fell about 300 yards in front of this position. If you wrote to Major Lees he would be able to tell you the exact position we were in on August 7th at 9.30am because he has the maps and details. I don’t think any building was in sight when we advanced but I just caught a glimpse of a little ridge to our right.

At 9.45am, our platoon charged for the second Turkish trench, each man was told beforehand that he was to jump over the first turkish trench and take the second trench, but many in our platoon were just out from home and they halted at the first Turkish trench and took up a firing position behind the parapet alongside the men of A Company who had charged the first trench at 9.30am whilst the men of the original 6th charged over the first line. I could only see about 20 men charging but we kept on but only three reached the parapet of the second Turkish line, these were your son, Private Porter and myself.

Private Porter was about 10 yards to my left and he and I were busy shooting any Turks who were near us. Private Porter crawled nearer to me and told me that Lieutenant Duckworth had been shot dead in the chest just as he reached the parapet of the second Turkish trench. When the smoke and dust lifted a little I saw your son about 30 to 40 yards to our left and he was sat on the parapet with his head on his chest and in a dead looking position. All the time the Turks were shelling us and things were looking bad for us.

We had not been at the trench very long before Porter and I saw a large force of Turks crawling down a communication trench intending to take our fellows in the rear. It was impossible for those holding the first captured line to see these Turks, so Porter and I determined to risk crossing the open again and warn them. We both ran towards the first trench but Porter had only gone 20 yards when he was killed, but I managed to be missed until within five yards of the first line, then I got hit in the abdomen and hip and fell into the trench. I thought our fellows were in this trench and was much surprised to find several Turks in the trench. One Turk clubbed me on the head with his rifle but a sand bag broke the blow, whilst some other Turk rammed his bayonet into my neck. All this seemed to happen in a few seconds.

When I recovered my senses I found that our fellows had jumped into the trench and killed the Turks. I told a Lance Corporal what I had seen and word was passed down to some officer. They had not been in the trench five minutes when word was passed down that they must leave the trench because it was mined, whilst the Turks were enfilading them from the left. I had to be left and the Turks came down the trench – at this time I was robbed and trodden on until my senses left me again. I was in this trench till 5.30pm, when the Turks rushed out of the trench – ten minutes afterwards the bomb throwing party belonging to the Eighth Lancashire Fusiliers came upon me and carried me to our original firing line. The Eighth Lancashire Fusiliers had sapped into this trench from our original firing line. I laid in the firing line till late at night and whilst lying there I received shrapnel wounds in the head and arm. A rescue party was sent for me and I was carried into the support trenches.

Lieutenant Duckworth could not be reached because he was in such a bad position and on the Turkish parapet. Our forces were only just able to keep the Turks back, but I think we kept the trench. I last saw your son at 9.55am and he was still in the same position as I have before described, but I cannot tell what happened to him after that time but he was right in the middle of the Turkish fire from machine guns and their big field guns. Nobody could live in such a position because he was a target due to his officer’s clothes.

Lieutenant Duckworth was well liked by his men in Egypt, but when we went on active service he became one of us because he thought a lot about his men and the men thought a lot about him. He proved himself on the battlefield as a brave officer and the men had the fullest confidence in his leadership. I am speaking for myself and for the men under his command when I say that your son was all that an English officer was expected to be and you have need to be proud of him as the men of the 6th are. His loss will be greatly felt by all, but he died like a man.

Private Norman A Howarth (October 4)

Additional information:

1.  When we charge a trench we always line the parapet first because of mines, then if all is clear we occupy the trench.

2.  No wounded man must be attended to by the men when advancing. This is a hard rule but it must be carried out.

3.  A&D Companies charged the first Turkish line at 9.30am and lined the parapet. B&C Companies charged the second line at 9.45am. No Eight platoon was on the left of B Company and Lietenant Duckworth was on the left of his platoon.

4.  The rough sketch will perhaps help you to understand my story better.

Notes for sketch:

A. Position of Lieutenant at 9.30am on august 7th

B. Position of Lieutenant at 9.50am

C. Position of Private Porter at 9.50am

D. Position of myself at 9.50am

E. Position of myself at 10am till 5.30pm

F. Position of myself from 5.40pm till late at night

G. Sap made by Eighth LF

T. Turkish communication trench

The Sketch by Private Howarth

SixthPHOTOS 031 (2)

A view of the ground today from the 1/6th trenches: the vineyard would have been at the tree line in the picture

Vineyard1

East Lancashire Commemoration during and after the Great War:

In our book The Gallipoli Oak we carry a picture of members of the survivors of Eric Duckworth’s platoon of the 1/6th Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers at their annual reunion at Rochdale Town Hall in 1938.

The picture (below) shows the teenager’s mother, who is Mayor, along with the veterans.

Reuniion

Here we also include a list of names and addresses of the men who attended the event.

Sixthplatoonreunion_1

It is also interesting to note [see the newspaper articles below from the Rochdale Observer] that survivors of the 42nd East Lancashire Division’s actions at Gallipoli started holding commemorative services to mark their losses on the Peninsula while the First World War was still ongoing. Of course the town of Bury in Lancashire, the home of the Lancashire Fusiliers, continues to hold an annual Gallipoli Day every April: an event that is very well supported by both the Armed Services and the general public.

Rochdale Observer, Saturday, May 20th, 1916

2nd Krithia Remembrance: The Rev Dennis Fletcher, the former vicar at Rochdale Parish Church and Army Chaplain to the 1/6th Lancashire Fusiliers, wrote on May 7th to the local newspaper to say: “I think your readers would like to know that the anniversary of the day on which our Brigade [the Lancashire Fusiliers’ Brigade of the 42nd Division] first entered into action on the Gallipoli peninsula was observed here yesterday and today. The wish was expressed by several that some form of service should be held to mark the day, so the chaplains in the Brigade drew one up. The service was held in the open air yesterday morning at 11 o’clock (May 6) and some 250 officers and men were present. The divisional band played at the service, which took the form of a thanksgiving for the glorious deeds done by the Brigade a year ago. We also remembered in the special prayers those members of the Brigade who gave their lives on that occasion, and prayer was offered for the relatives of those who fell. Concerts were held in the various battalions in the evening, and the officers of the 6th battalion [Lancashire Fusiliers] visited the sergeants’ mess and Major Sampson presided and Sergeant Major Metcalfe proposed the health of the officers. In the absence of Colonel Lees, who is having a well-earned leave in England, Captain Lennard suitably replied.”

Rochdale Observer, Wednesday, June 7th, 1916

3rd Krithia Remembrance: “A number of local territorials, many of whom are recuperating at Heaton Park, took part in ‘Gallipoli Day’ in Manchester on Monday – held to mark the anniversary of the [3rd] battle of Krithia. The troops paraded at Belle Vue and there was a march past in Albert Square. The salute was taken by Lieutenant General Sir W.P Campbell, the GOC Western Command. The party at base included Lord Rochdale and The Mayor of Rochdale, Councillor Turner. Among the officers on parade were captains R.W Leach, J.S Lord and Second Lieutenant P.A Jones of the 1/6th Battalion [Lancashire Fusiliers].”